If your gums aren’t cared for on a regular basis, they can develop gum or periodontal disease. This can be as simple as gum inflammation, or it can develop into a more serious disease that affects the health of your soft tissue, bones and even loss of teeth.
Gum disease is a bacterial infection in the mouth.
Types of Gum Disease
The two main types of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease, as it usually isn’t painful and simply results in swelling, redness or bleeding. With professional treatment and good home care, gingivitis can heal easily.
However, according to the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP), “untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis and can eventually lead to tooth loss and other health problems.”
Periodontitis has many forms, but all are destructive. Aggressive periodontitis is one form that can develop rapidly, while chronic periodontitis is another form that causes gum recession and inflammation.
But if you or your dentists sees the signs of gum disease early, periodontitis can be prevented.
Signs of Gum Disease
So how do you know if you have gum disease? The best way is to get an exam and evaluation from a dentist, but there are other signs of periodontal disease that are easily identifiable. Here are some of the most common, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH):
• Red, swollen or tender gums
• Loose or sensitive teeth
• Receding gums or teeth that appear to be longer
• Bad breath that won’t go away
Once you’ve identified that you have gum disease, it’s important to seek treatment as soon as you can.
Treating Gum Disease
Treatment for gum disease depends on its severity, but the main goal is to control the infection. This can involve deep cleaning, medications and the old-fashioned way of surgery like bone or tissue grafts.
Dr. Sutherland prefers to treat gum disease by controlling or eliminating the infection through lasers. The laser treatment requires no numbing or surgery. If you detect the gum disease early enough, laser treatment can be your best option.
If you’d like to know more about gum disease, schedule a consultation with your Torrance dentist today.
Dr. Sutherland treats gum disease with lasers to kill the bacteria. No numbing and no surgery. This minimally invasive procedure can kill bacteria and restore your healthy gums. Call today for laser gum treatment.